ANNOUNCER: Fortunately, once diagnosed, hypertension can be controlled through lifestyle changes and medication.
ADOLPH M. HUTTER, JR., MD: One of the basic treatments for hypertension is a low salt diet. If you get rid of the extra salt, you get on a low salt diet, that in itself will help lower your blood pressure.
SUZANNE HUGHES, MSN: We know that it's very important for people that have been identified as having hypertension to avoid or quit tobacco products. Additionally, following what we call the DASH diet: Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension. This is a diet that's low in fat, it's high in fruits and vegetables and it also has two to three servings a day of low-fat dairy products.
ROBERT S. SCHWARTZ, MD: Many drugs are available that can lower the blood pressure. Or possibly lowering the amount of water in a person's body through giving agents that are diuretics, that is, causing water to be lost through the urine. Other classes of drugs do things such as relax the heart or slow the heart rate down, all of which can lower the blood pressure directly.
SUZANNE HUGHES, MSN, RN: I think the important thing that people need to remember is, if one has hypertension, it will take an average of 2.7 medications to manage that high blood pressure.
ANNOUNCER: No matter how healthy you feel, there is still one sure-fire way to find out if you suffer from hypertension: Visit your physician on a regular basis
ADOLPH M. HUTTER, JR., MD: Hypertension can be without any symptoms. You may have hypertension and not know it because you don't have headaches or flushing, and you feel wonderful. So you need to get your blood pressure checked.