The next one is an abnormal level of blood glucose. This may or may not be associated with diabetes, depending on how high the blood sugar is. But this would include a blood sugar that in the fasting state is greater than 100 mg/dL. And a lot of people do have what we call prediabetes, so not a high enough level to be called diagnostic, but high enough that it's no longer considered normal or optimal, and that's an area between 100 and 125. So those are the first two.
The next one is a tendency to carry one's weight around the waist. So it's a waist measurement where a person tends to be kind of apple-shaped rather than pear-shaped. For women it's a waist measurement greater than 35 inches, and for a man, a waist measurement greater than 40 inches. And so where we carry our weight tends to be probably even more important than what our overall body weight is.
The last two characteristics are those associated with the cholesterol profile. And the first one is a triglyceride level greater than 150, and the second one is an HDL or a good cholesterol level that's less than 40 in men or less than 50 in women.
So we have five characteristics: Hypertension, abnormal blood glucose, an increased tendency to carry the weight around the waist, a high triglyceride and a low HDL. And any three of those five qualifies one for metabolic syndrome.